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Thirunarankondai is one of the ancient centers of Jainism. A Jain assembly called the ‘Veera Sangam’ flourished here under the leadership of Gunadhara Muni.  Over the hillock, is  a cave temple of great antiquity with bas-relief sculptures of Lord Parshwanatha (Appandainathar). The temple which is well known through the periods of Chola King Raja Raja I and Kulothunga I11 has a rich collection of bronze images. Chkaravarthi Nainar of Kadripakkam become the hereditary trustee of this temple from 1913 C.E This temple is currently managed by the Mel-Sitthamur math.

The book title “Jainism and Tamil” by Sri. Mayilai Seeni Venkadasamy (சமணமும் தமிழும் – மயிலை, சீனி. வேங்கடசாமி) in the chapter about the Ancient Jain temples of Tamilnadu, carries the following information about this temple:

Source: http://www.tamilvu.org/slet/lB100/lB100pd1.jsp?book_id=216&pno=4

பாவண்டூர்:

திருக்கோயிலூருக்குத் தென்கிழக்கில் 9 மைலில் பண்ருட்டி சாலையில் உள்ளது. இவ்வூரில், பண்டைக்காலத்தில் சமணரும் சமணக் கோயிலும் இருந்திருக்கவேண்டும். இவ்வூரில் இருந்த ரிஷபதேவரின் திருவுருவம் திருநறுங்கொண்டை சமணக் கோயிலில் இருக்கிறது.

திருநறுங்கொண்டை: (திருநறுங்குன்றம் – திருநறுங்குணம்.) திருக்கோயிலூர் தாலுகா. திருக்கோயிலூருக்கு, 12 மைலில் உள்ளது. இவ்வூருக்கு வடக்கே சுமார் 60 அடி உயரம் உள்ள பாறைக்குன்றில் கோயில் இருக்கிறது. மலைக்குச் செல்லப் படிகள் உண்டு. இக்கோயிலில் பார்சுவநாதர் திருவுருவம் இருக்கிறது. பார்சுவநாதர் கோயிலை அப்பாண்டைநாதர் கோயில் என்றும் கூறுவர். நின்ற திருமேனி. இங்குச் சந்திரநாதர் கோயிலும் உள்ளது. இங்குப் பல சாசனங்கள் காணப்படுகின்றன.89 குலோத்துங்கச் சோழரது 9 ஆவது ஆண்டில், வீரசேகர் காடவராயர் என்பவர் இங்கிருந்த நாற்பத்தெண்ணாயிரம் பெரும்பள்ளிக்கு வரிப்பணம் தானம் செய்திருக்கிறார். இராசராச தேவரது 13 ஆவது ஆண்டில் இங்கிருந்த மேலைப்பள்ளிக்குப் பணம் தானம் செய்யப்பட்ட செய்தியை இன்னொரு சாசனம் கூறுகிறது. இந்தத் தானத்தை ஆதிபட்டாரகர் புஷ்பசேனர் என்பவரிடம் ஒப்புவிக்கப்பட்டது. அப்பாண்டார்க்கு வைகாசித்திருநாள் சிறப்பு நடைபெற்றதையும், தைமாதத்தில் ஒரு திருவிழா நடைபெறும்படி நிலம் தானம் செய்யப்பட்டதையும், திரிபுவன சக்கரவர்த்தி கோனேரின்மை கொண்டான் காலத்துச் சாசனம் ஒன்று கூறுகின்றது. ‘திருநறுங்கொண்டை பெரியபாழி ஆழ்வார்க்கு நிலம் தானம் செய்யப்பட்ட செய்தி இன்னொரு சாசனம் கூறுகின்றது. இங்கிருந்த கீழைப்பள்ளிக்கு ஸ்ரீதரன் என்பவர் பொன் தானம் செய்ததை இன்னொரு சாசனம் கூறுகின்றது. இக்கோயில் ஸ்தலபுராணம் இவ்வூர்ச் சமணரிடம் உண்டு.90

Festivals

  • 7 days brahmotsav
  • Narkatchi festival  one day festival on 31 st jan every year.

Pictures

http://www.flickr.com/photos/55956427@N08/5201381485/in/set-72157625453860400/

News Articles

திருநறுங்குன்றம் கோவில் வளாக சமணப்படுக்கைகள் பாதுகாக்கப்படுமா?

Contact Details

Temple Priests

  • Mr. Bharatha chkravarthy
  • Phone: +91 04149 292112
    • Mr. Appandairaj
    • Cell Phone: +91 99432 40806

Trustees

  • Mr. Jayachndran
  • Cell Phone:  +91 94865 82058
    • Mr. Chakravarthy
    • Cell Phone: +91 97908 89092

Address

Thirunarunkondram,

Nannaram post, Ulundurpet Taluk,

Villupuram, Tamilnadu, India 606102.

(200 Km from Chennai on Chennai-Trichy road)

Map
Thirunarunkondai / Thirunarungudram Google Maps

Thirunarunkondai / Thirunarungudram Bing Maps

References

  • District Gazetteers, South Arcot  by Dr.B.S.Baliga, B.A.(Hona) Ph.D (London) –Page 48of 1962.
  • திருநருங்கொண்டைத் திருத்தல வரலாறு (புலவர் மணி. மு. சண்முகம்பிள்ளை)
  • அனந்த விஜயர் அருளிய அப்பாண்டைநாதர் உலா ஜைன இளைஞர் மன்றம் – சென்னை 17 வெளியீடு
  • சமணமும் தமிழும் – மயிலை, சீனி. வேங்கடசாமி

Acharyas played a pivotal role in the spread and growth of Jainism and hence the
tribute to them in Jains’ daily prayers – the Navkar mantra(பஞ்ச மந்திரம்)
as in the title of the post.

Originally all the teachings and the knowledge gleaned from
the Thirthankars (including the latest and the 24th – Baghavan Mahavir) were passed
down orally from one genration to another through the acharyas (the disciples of
the Thirthankars) over a period of more than thousand years.

Around  500 BC, after Lord Mahavir’s nirvana, Jain acharyas
realized that it was very inefficient, to rely on the entire Jain literature to
be memorized. In several years, significant knowledge was already lost and the
rest was polluted with modifications and errors.

Thus, they decided to document the Jain literature as known
to them. In this time period two major sects, namely Digambar and Swetambar,
were already in existence. These set of documented religious works form the
basis for our understanding of Jainism today.  In this post
we list the first 25 Acharyas and their religious works.

S.No

Period

Name
of Acharya

Religious
Texts

1

323 BC

Kalyana Muni

கல்யாண்
முனி

2

200 BC

Achrya
Kunadarar

·
digambarjainonline

·
About
ponnur hills

ஆசார்யர்
குணதரர்

Kazhaya
pakudam

Pejje deje pakudam

3

100 AD

Acharya Kund Kunda

ஆசார்யர்
குந்த
குந்தர்

Pravachansar

Samaysar

Niyamsar

Panchastikaya

Rayansar

Parasanuvekka

Asta Pahud

4

200 AD

Yathi Virashabhar

ஆசார்யர்
யதி
விருஷபர்

Choorani Suthiram

Kasay
Pahudam

Thiloya
Pannathy

5

200 AD

Acharya Ucharana

ஆசாரியர்
உச்சாரணா

Surani Suthiram

6

500 / 600 AD

Acharya Vappa Deva

ஆசாரியர்
வப்ப
தேவர்

Shatkanda Agamam

Kashaya Pakudam Urai

7

600 AD

Aharaya Vattakar

ஆசார்ய
வட்டகேர்

Moolacharathira

Trivarnachar

8

100 AD

Acharya Sivaryaryar

அசாரியார்
சிவார்யர்

Bhakavathi
Arathanai

9

200 AD

Acharya
Krithapitcha
(Uma Swami / Uma Swathi)

ஆசாரியர்
க்ருதபிட்சா

Thathuvartha
Soothiram

·
http://jainworld.com/phil/tattmain1.htm

·
audio

10

300 AD

Swami Kumarar

ஸ்வாமி
குமாரர்

Karthikeyanupprashai

11

120 AD

Swami
Samnthabathirar

ஸ்வாமி
சமந்தபத்திரர்

Jinasuthisadakam

Birugath Suyambhu Sosthiram

Devakam
Sosthiram

Yukthiyanu Sasanam

Ratna-Karanda-Shravak-Achar

Aptamimamsa

12

600 AD

Achariyar
Siddhasenar

ஆச்சாரியர்
ஸித்தசேனர்

Kalyanamanthiram

Sanmathi
Suthiram

13

600 AD

Acharya
Pujyapada

ஆசாரியர்
பூஜ்யபாதர்

Dasabakthi

Janmabhisekam

Samathi Thanthiram

Ishtopathesam

Jainendra Illakanam

Sidhipriya Thothiram

Thathavarviruthi (Sarvarartha
Siddhi
)

14

600 AD

Acharya Bhatthra Kesari

ஆசாரியர்
பாத்ரகேசரி

Thirilakshna katharthan

15

600 AD

Acharya Joyinthu

ஆசாரியர்
ஜோயிந்து

Paramathma
Prakasam

Yokasaram

16

400 AD

Acharya
Vimalasuri

ஆசாரியர்
விமலசூரி

Paumasariyam

17

700 AD

Acharya Manathunga

ஆசாரியர்
மானதுங்க

Bakthama
Stothiram

18

700 AD

Acharya Ravisena

ஆசாரியார்
இரவிசேனா

Padmapuranam

·
More
Sanskrit works

19

700 AD

Acharya  Jada Simhananthi

ஆசாரியார்
ஜடாசிம்மநந்தி

Varanga
Sarithram

20

700 AD

Acharya Akalankar

ஆசாரியார்
அகளஙகர்

Thrukkam And Devakuru

Ilakkiya Sthrreyam

Niyaya Sithi

Swirthi

Thathvartha
Varthikam1
, 2

21

900 AD

Achrya Veerasena

ஆசாரியார்
வீரசேன

Kashaya Pakudam Urai

Shatkanda Agam 72000 Seyul Urai

Surya-Prajnapti

Chandra-Prajnapti

Jaya-Dhaval-Tika

22

783 AD

Jinasenar I

ஆசாரியார்
முதலாம்
ஜினசேனர்

Harivamsa
Puranam

23

900 AD

Jinasenar II

ஆசாரியார்
இரண்டாம்
ஜினசேனர்

Parsuwapudayam

Adi-Puranam

24

800 / 900 AD

Achrya Vathba Simman

(Odaya Devar)

ஆசாரியார்
வாதீபசிம்மன்

Syathvatha Siddhi

Katthiya
Chinthamani

Sathara
Soodamani

25

900 AD

Acharya Gundabathra

(Thiru narun Kundrathnar)

ஆசாரியார்
குணபத்திரர்
(திருநறுங்குன்றத்தனார்)

Utthira Puranam

Athi Puranam

Jinaththa
Sarithram

Athmanu Sasanam

Uttar-Puran

We would like to thank the following websites to which we
have linked above in abundance (and have the original /translated text of these
religious works).

About Shikharji Temple

Shikharji or Sri Sammeta Sikharji also known as the Parasnath Hills, located near Giridih, in Jharkhand state, India, is a major Jain pilgrimage destination and one of the most sacred places for Jains in the world. According to Jain belief, twenty of the twenty-four Tirthankaras (teachers of the Jains) attained Moksha (Nirvana) from this place.

To know more about Shikharji, click here.

To view the pictures of Shikharji Temples and Deities,

Sithamoor or Mel Sithamoor is a village near Thindivanam where Jain monks lived. It is an important and historic place for tamil Jains. Sithamoor boasts of  two Jain temples and a Jain Mutt which has traditionally hosted the religious heads of the community and has served as the center of Jain religious activites.

The History of  Tamil Jainism in Sithamoor by Dr. A. Ekambranathan (Professor, Archeological department, Madras University) is a must read for anyone who is interested in understanding  Sithamoor and its rich Tamil Jain cultural heritage and history.

Historic Tamil Jain Sites

A large number of stone inscriptions which are 1000s of years old paint a picture of the prevalence of Jainism (Samanam) in Tamilnadu. These are scattered throughout Tamilnadu. This post will talk about such stone inscriptions, sites they are found and related content.

Madurai:

Name of the Village No. of Stone Inscriptions Script Type How old Type of Site
Alagar malai 7 Tamil Brahmi 2000 Caves beds, Statue
Anamalai 9 Tamil Brahmi 1900 – 1800 Beautiful Caves, Statues and Beds
Aritappatti 2 Tamil Vattaezheuthu 1000 – 2000 Caves , Statues and Beds
Karunkaalakudi 3 Tamil Brahmi,Tamil Vattaezheuthu 2000 Caves, Statues and Beds
Chettipudavu 4 Tamil Vattaezheuthu 1100 .
Keelakuilakudi 3 Tamil Brahmi,Kannadam 2000 Ruined Temple(Jinalayam)
Keelavalvu(Panchpandavar malai) 4 Tamil Brahmi . .
Kongar puliyankulam 4 Tamil Brahmi 2000 Hills
Kuppalanatham 1 Tamil Brahmi,Tamil Vattaezheuthu 1100 Hills
Mankulam malai 5 Tamil Brahmi 2000 Hills
Mettupatti(Annamalai) 5 Tamil Brahmi 1100 Hills
Pechipallam 6 Tamil Vattaezheuthu 1100 Hills,Caves and Cave Beds
Thiruparankundram 4 Tamil Brahmi 2000 Caves, Beds
Thiruvathvoor 2 Tamil Brahmi 2000 Small Hill, Caves, Beds
Uthamapalayam 9 Tamil Vattaezheuthu 1100 Thirugunagiri Malai
Varichiyur 3 Tamil Brahmi 2000 Caves
Vikramangalam 6 Tamil Brahmi 2000 Hill Caves and Beds

To view the pictures of AanaiMalai Inscriptions and Deities,

To view the pictures of Kongarpuliyankulam Inscriptions and Deities,

To view the pictures of SamanarMalai Inscriptions and Deities,

Related Speeches, News Articles on Jain monuments in Madurai:

Kanyakumari:

Name of the Village No. of Stone Inscriptions Script Type How old Type of Site

Chitharal hill (Thirucharanamalai)

9

Tamil vattazheutthu, sanskrit 1100- 1000 Jina palli (jain temple)-Ruined stage

Nagarkoil

12

Tamil Sanskrit 493 yrs Parswanathar Statue in lord Siva temple

To view the pictures of Chitharal Inscriptions and Deities,

Articles on Jain monuments in Kanyakumari:

Thoothukudi:

Name of the Village No. of Stone Inscriptions Script Type How old Type of Site
Kazhukumalai 99 Vattazhutthu 1200 – 1100 Caves,Thirthnkarar statue,Beds
Perungulam 1 Tamil 100 – 900 Caves,Thirthnkarar statue,Beds
Veerasigamani 2 Tamil 1100 – 1000 Caves,Thirthnkarar statue,Beds

To view the pictures of KazhukuMalai Inscriptions and Deities,

Articles on Jain monuments in Thoothukudi:

Stories in Stones

The Jina Images at Kallugumalai

Rock-Cut Jain Sculptures and Inscriptions in Kallugumalai

Sivagangai:

Name of the Village No. of Stone Inscriptions Script Type How old Type of Site
Kunnakudi 2 Tamil Brahmi 1700 – 1600 Caves

Erode:

Name of the Village No. of Stone Inscriptions Script Type How old Type of Site
Arachaloor 3 Tamil Brahmi 1700 – 1600 Caves
Thingaloor 3 Tamil 950 - Pushpathanthar Jinalayam(Poomendran temple)
Vijayamangalam 8 Tamil Sanskrit 1000 - Jain temple

Articles on Jain monuments in Erode:

Vandals’ work

Digambar Jain Temple Complex Vijayamangalam

Monumental Neglect

Coimbatore:

Name of the Village No. of Stone Inscriptions Script Type How old Type of Site
Thirumoorthy malai 1 Tamil 250- Statues

Dindukal:

Name of the Village No. of Stone Inscriptions Script Type How old Type of Site
Ayyempalayam(Iyar Malai) 14 Tamil Vatteluthu 1300 – 1100 Caves,Thirthnkarar statue
Devathoor 1 Tamil 1000 years -
Mettupatti(Sithar Malai) 9 Tamil Brahmi 2000 years -

Articles on Jain monuments in Dindukal:

A 1000 years old,they still charm Visitors

Mettupatti Epigraphy

Kamarajar District:

Name of the Village

No. of Stone Inscriptions

Script Type

How old

What is here?

Erukkan kudi

1

Tamil vattelthu

perumpalli ruined jain temple

Kovilankulam

2

Tamil

800 years

Ampalappaswamy temple (basement only available)

Pallimadam

3

Tamil vattelethu

1200 years

once great jain mon ks lived here

Articles on Jain monuments in Kamarajar District:

An article in The Hindu

Thirunelveli:

Name of the Village

No. of Stone Inscriptions

Script Type

How old

What is here?

Eruvadi

3

Tamil vatzhuethu

799 AD

Caves, beds, caves arts,Aruvalthu pattaraka Jinalayam (now this is not there)

Irattai pottai pari

Anthamil Palkunathu Athi, Idar Theerppan ena Arugan,pugal padukiran Great Ajjananthi Munivar arul palittha place

Kuttralam(pardesipari)

1

Tamil brahmi

1700-

caves

Marukal Talai(pooviludayar malai)

1

Tamil brahmi

2200- 2100

beds

Sikkikulam malai(Bakavathi koil)

2

Tamil

1254-

Niyaparipalap perumpalli (now it is not there)

Chidambaranar:

Name of the Village

No. of Stone Inscription

Script Type

How old

What is here?

Kazhukumalai

99

vattazhutthu

1200 – 1100

caves,Thirthnkarar statue , beds

Dharmapuri:

Name of the Village

No. of Stone Inscriptions

Script Type

How old

What is here?

Adhiyaman kottai

1

Tamil

800 -

ruined jain temple

Dharmapuri

4

Kannadam, Sanskrit

1100- 800

ruined jain temple

Hosur

1

Sanskrit, Tamil

871 -

ruined jain temple

Dhavalam

1

Sanskrit,Kannadam,Telugu

1200-

ruined jain temple

Ramanathapuram:

Name of the Village

No. of Stone Inscriptions

Script Type

How old

What is here?

Anumanthkudi

1

Tamil

1533-

Malavanathar Jinalayam

Ilayankudi

1

Tamil

Forty eight Thousand perumaplli Jinaalyam Bagavathi Nayakkar (inru illai)

Thanjavour:

Name of the Village

No. of Stone Inscriptions

Script Type

How old

What is here?

Avarani

1

Tamil

1193-

Chithirailekap perumpalli(now this is not there)

kokuoor(kooroor)

1

Tamil

1120 -

Kulothunga Chola perumpalli(now this is not there)

Maruthuvakudi

1

Tamil

1194 -

Sivan kovil culvettu – Sethi Kula Manikkaperumpalli Jinalyam Gankarula Sundarapperumpalli Jinalayam Inru illai(Now not exits)

Pallan kovil

1

Sanskrit,Tamil

536 AD

Seppedukal – Thiruparuthikundrathkku Uriya nilangal (Gift Land deed)

Ponvilanthan patti

1

Tamil

1200 -

-

Senthalai

1

Tamil

1000 -

Jianalyam(temple) ruined

Thirunageswaram

1

Tamil

907 -

Miladudaiyar palli(Jinalyam) now not exist

Thiruchirapalli:

Name of the Village

No. of Stone Inscriptions

Script Type

How old

What is here?

Anbil Pillayar koil

1

Tamil

-

Thiruvidaikudiyil – about Amuthamoli perumpalli Jinalyam

Jumbhukeswaram

1

Tamil

1233 -

Amanappalli – about Kaviraja perumpalli

Pukalur

10

Tamil Brahmi

1700 – 1800

Caves, Sirpangal, Beds

Arunattar malai

Seraman’s Arul kodai

Velayuthampalayam

Cave Beds

Sivayam(Kandakppari)

1

Tamil old Letter

-

-

Thrichirapalli near Ujjipillayar kovil

4

Tamil Brahmi,Vattazheluthu,Sanskrit

1700 – 1800

Caves, beds

Articles on Jain monuments in Thiruchirapalli:

Tamil Brahmi Scripts

Chengulpet:

Name of the Village

No. of Stone Inscriptions

Script Type

How old

What is here?

Anathamangalam (Jinagiri palli )

2

Tamil

400 -

Sirppangal

Arasankalani

1

Tamil

400 -

-

Kanchipuram

1

Tamil

1100 -

Kamatchi amman koilil

Karupankundram

1

Tamil Sanskrit

1200 -

Keerappakkam

1

Tamil Sanskrit

1100 -

Desavallapa Jinalayam exited were ruined

Mankadu

1

Tamil

800 -

Pudupattu

1

Tamil

Cholar period

Saravananpedu

1

Tamil

800 -

Ruined Jinalayam

Siruvakkam

1

-

-

Sirukaranapperumpalli Jinalayam

Thiruppandiyur

3

Tamil

1100 -

Thirupparthikundram

18

Tamil Sanskrit

900 -

Pallava, Chola, Vijayanagar king’s Gift is Jinakanchi

Articles on Jain monuments in Chengulpet:

South Indian Inscriptions

North Arcot:

Name of the Village

No. of Stone Inscriptions

Script Type

How old

What is here?

Elankadu

1

Tamil

500 – 400

Neminathar statue This statue was brought from Thirumailai (engraved in the base of this)

Karanthai(Munigiri)

17

Tamil Sanskrit

1154 – 250

Cholar , Vijayanagar dynasty’s gift

Kilsatthamangalam(Perumal Parai)

7

Tamil

1300 – 900

Jina Alayam (Jain Temple)

Kunnathur

1

Tamil

500 -

Jina Alayam (jain Temple)

Mamandoor

1

Tamil Brahmi

1700 1600

Hills

Othalavadi

3

Tamil

729 -

Jina alayam

Panchapandavar Malai(Thiruppan Malai)

2

Tamil

1220-

Malai

Ponnur

4

Tamil

227-

Jina alayam

Puduppadi

1

Tamil

900-

IRAVI KULA Manjckka perumpalli Jinalayam(Not exits now)

Poondi

1

Tamil

700-600

Veera Veera jinalayam

Chkkaramallur

1

Tamil

240 -

Chalukkai

2

Tamil

980 -

Cholar’s Period

Seeyamangalam

2

Sanskrit

1107-

Malai(hill)

Thirakoil

6

Tamil

1000 -

big mount hill

Thirumalai

23

Tamil Sanskrit

1120-1700

Mountain Caves temple, Cave’s art painting

Vallimalai

5

Kannadam, Sanskrit

975-

Mountain caves beds, cave painting’s, carved statues

Vazhuthalankunam

1

Tamil

700-

Mountain caves beds, caves

Vedal

2

Tamil

1115-

Caves almost about 900 jain monks lived here

Velappadi

2

Tamil

700 -

Mountain – ruined jina alayam exits, jain monks foot print exits

Vilappakkam

Tamil

1050-

-

Articles on Jain monuments in North Arcot:

Renovation of Temples

Article in The Hindu

Arungundram

South Arcot:

Name of the Village

No. of Stone Inscriptions

Script Type

How old

What is here?

Agaloor

2

Tamil

1200 -

mountain hill samanar important sthalam

Chola vandipuram

2

Tamil

1000-

Komadar, Padmavathi statues, caves,

Andimalai

cave beds padmavathi now call as Kali

Sithamoor

16

Tamil

888-

sithamoor koil maniya (gift land) nilangal

Dadapuram

1

Tamil

1006-

Kundavai jinalayam (now ruined)

Idayalam sithar parai

3

sanskrit, grantham,Tamil

1900-

caves

Jambai

1

Tamil brahami

1900-

caves

Koilyanoor

1

Tamil

500-

ruined jinalyam (Nainar devar perumanar koil)

Madavilakam(Rettanai)

1

Tamil

1128-

Melkudaloor

5

Tamil

911-

Mountain caves, cave beds

Olagapuram

1

Tamil

Sundara chola perumpalli jinalayam (not exist)

Olakkur

1

Tamil

1200-

Pallichandal

3

Tamil

928-

Naddar perumaplli jina alayam(not exist)

Parayanpattu

1

Tamil,Vattezhthu

1500-1400

Perumandoor

3

Tamil

866-1192

Tindivanam

1

Tamil

900-800

Statue kept in chennai musium (engraved in statue base)

Thirunathar kunru

2

Tamil Brahmi

1500-1400

57 days until fast to death(sallekanai)

Gingee Singavaram

mentioned about fasting of jain monks

Thiru Narun kondai

38

Tamil

1100-

Caves, cave beds,Jinalayam,carved statue 4800 perumpalli exited here. Inscription about perumpalli and jain math are here.

Thirupalla panthal

1

Tamil

1471

Panaipadi, ponparappu Jinalaym(not exist)

Thiruvathigai

1

Tamil

700-

Thiruvathigai jinalayam

Thondur

2

Tamil

1000-

Veedur

2

Tamil

1200-

Velur

1

Tamil

Vilzhukkam

1

Tamil

Articles on Jain monuments in South Arcot:

Mahavira bas-relief tells a story

Article in The Hindu

Early Tamil Epigraphy

Early Jain Vestiges, Tamil Nadu

Thanjavour Maratha Marvals

Epigraphy Compilation

Newfound Jain Sites

Stories in Stones

Pudukootai:

Name of the Village

No. of Stone Inscriptions

Script Type

How old

What is here?

Ammasamuthiram(Alurittimalai)

4

Tamil

1216-1238

Kudakumalai caves, Aluritimalai Thiruppalli malai alwar jinalayam( not exist)

Pommai Malai

1

Tamil

763-

Malaiya koil

1

Tamil

-

Caves temple

Nartha Malai

2

Sanskrit,Krantham,Tamil

900-

Paliyili Eswarar caves temple

Sadaiyappari

1

Tamil

1217-

Mountain

Samanar Thidal(Kayampatti)

1

Tamil

Iynooruvr perumpalli and madam

Sembathoor

1

Tamil

1000-

yadchiyin pedathil ullathu

Chettipatty

1

Tamil

1000-

Samanar kundu big jain temple was there.now ruined

Sithannavasal

13

Tamil

2000-1300

Hills, caves, beds

Theni malai(Thenur malai)

2

Tamil, Sanskrit

1200-

caves, paints, beds

Chennai:

Name of the Village

No. of Stone Inscriptions

Script Type

How old

What is here?

Santhome

1

Tamil

800-700

Neminathar Jain temple was there and few statue

Chennai Museum

4

Tamil, Sanskrit,Kannada

culvert (inscreptions) in the statue of museim

Source of Information:

  • Jaina Inscriptions in Tamilnadu, Dr. A. Ekambara Nathan, Dr. C.K. Siva Prakasam
  • கல்வெட்டில் சமணம், Dr. A. Ekambara Nathan
  • South India History, Prof. Neela Kanta Sastry
  • தமிழைச் செம்மொழியாய் வளர்த்த திராவிட திகம்பர சமண தமிழ்த்துறவிகளும்,உலகிற்கு அவர்கள் வ்ழங்கிய அருள்நெறியும். Prof Dr. Kanaka Ajithadoss

Jain Cave Temples

Jain caves and Brahmi inscriptions in Madurai and surrounding areas

Tamil Virtual University an autonomous institution established by the government of Tamilnadu has a wealth of information about Jain cave temples in Tamilnadu. Here is a list of these pages each of which has a short video about each of these sites:

  1. Azhagarmalai (அழகர்மலை)
  2. Aritapatti (அறிட்டபட்டி )
  3. Kilavalavu (கீழவளவு)
  4. Mangulam (மாங்குளம்)
  5. Mangulam Meenakshi (மாங்குளம் மீனாட்சி)
  6. Thiruparankundram (திருப்பரங்குன்றம் )
  7. Varichiyoor (வரிச்சியூர்)
  8. Thiruvathavoor (திருவாதவூர்)
  9. Karunkalgudi (கருங்காலகுடி)
  10. Kundrakudi (குன்றக்குடி)
  11. Kilakuuilkudi (கீலக்குயில்குடி)
  12. Chettypudavu (செட்டிப்புடவு)
  13. Karadipatti (கரிடிப்பட்டி)
  14. Kongarpuliyamkulam (கொங்கர்புளியங்குலம்)
  15. Anamalai Narasingam (யானைமலை நரசிங்கம்)
  16. Another Jain Temple (மற்றும் ஒரு சமணர் கோயில்)
  17. Kudimiyan Malai (குடுமியன் மலை)


Jain caves in Pudukottai and surrounding areas

Another notable source Professor Subramaniyan Swaminathan talks about the Jain cave temples in Sithannavasal in these pages:

  1. Sittannavasal Paintings (சித்தன்னவாசல் ஓவியம்)

Thirumalai Temple:

Thirumalai (in  Thiruvanamalai District of Tamil Nadu, India) is an ancient Jain heritage site that has cave temples, cave paintings , sculptures and ancient Tamil inscriptions all related to Jainism. Jain monks had inhabited the caves thousands of years ago.

Read a good summary of the history of Thirumalai in tamil.

Here are some pictures of the site, temple, caves, cave paintings and deities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(Source of information: See post Tamilnadu Chief Minister Dr. M.Karunanidhi on Jainism and Tamil)

The honorable chief minister of Tamilnadu Dr. M. Karunanidhi is known for his mastery over the Tamil language and his deep knowledge of Tamil literature. In his foreward to the book “தமிழகத்தில் ஜைனம்” (Jainism in Tamilnadu) he talks about the contribution of Jainism to the Tamil language:

Dr. M Karunanidhi on Jainism and Tamil(1)

Dr. M Karunanidhi on Jainism and Tamil(2)

Dr. M Karunanidhi on Jainism and Tamil(3)

Dr. M Karunanidhi on Jainism and Tamil (4)

English Translation of the Foreward:

Chief Minister

23-12-1974

The Samanam religion is synonymous with love and compassion. Samanam is also known as Jainism.

Jainism an ancient religion came into existence in India hundreds of years even before the birth of Christ. It was flourishing in Tamilnadu well before Tholkappiyar’s period.

The virtuous Jains have adorned our ‘Tamil mother’ with innumerable jewels of literary works. If you remove these works of Samanars, the world of Tamil literature would wear a deserted look; such is the contribution of Jain poets to the Tamil language*. The ancient kings have also encouraged and supported these noble efforts.

A number of poets who embraced Jainism have lived in Tamilnadu. Jainism was very prevalent in Tamilnadu at some point in time in the past. A number of people voluntarily embraced the Jain religion which had the great principle that “the world was not created by anyone”.

After well researching the history of Jainism’s origin in Tamilnadu, the story of its growth and the state of its existence in the Tamil literature, Jeevabanthu T.S. Sripal has given us the book “Jainism in Tamilnadu”. His research was done in the very best way. One should not think that the author has praised Jainism because he is a Jain himself. That, Jainism is worthy of extol has been clearly communicated by a number of scholars both in India and abroad.

It is commendable that the author throughout the book quotes the views on Jainism of well-known scholars like Nobel prize winner and Indian scientist Dr. Jagadeesh Chandra Bose , German Professor Georg Bühler, Czech scholar Kamil Zvelebil , our own Tamilnadu’s Sir. R. K. Shanmugam, Tamil Thendral Thiru. V.Ka and Thiru. H.A. Krishna pillai. Yet there is one unfulfilled desire in my heart – the book is missing the great ‘Arignyar Anna’s’ favorable comments on Jainism. I hope the author Jeevabanthu Sripal  will fulfill this desire in the next edition of this book.

Finally, this book “Jainism in Tamilnadu” is not only an excellent research material, but a rare book worthy of being part of the syllabi of any of Tamilnadu’s fine universities. The authors abilities are worthy of praise and applause.

M. Karunanidhi

Jainism

Jains believe that every living being has a soul and every soul is potentially divine. They also believe in reincarnation after death. A soul can be reincarnated in any form of life. (A human being can become a worm in the next life for example).   Karma is that every being determines its own fate through its thoughts, actions and deeds. Karma also plays a part in which place and form the soul takes after death. Jains also believe in the principle of ‘Live and let live’ – not just for human beings, they believe in equality of all life. I.e. however small / insignificant a being is, it has the same yearning to live as humans do and part of being a Jain is respecting its right to live peacefully.

The ‘potentially’ divine soul becomes divine when it is freed from this cycle of death and rebirth. Right faith, right knowledge and right conduct are the pathway of salvation. To free the soul from the bondage of life and death, the Jain monk follows asceticism and non-possession to the extent that a sect of Jains monks (Digambars) don’t even wear clothes. Obviously the highest form of life namely humans can practice the above and attain salvation.

There are 24 exemplary souls called as Thirthankars that have guided and revived Jainism through the ages. The most recent (24th) of them,  Mahavira is historically dated to be around the 6th century BC. If you are interested in knowing who the 24 thirthankars are, Wikipedia has a nice table of the 24 Thirthankar.

Click here to know about the Digambar Jain Acharyas.

Click here to know about the Digambar Jain Literature.

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